She has also starred in films by Greg Williams playing a bionic superwoman, while her perfect torso has been cast by French sculptor Pierre Passebon. First hated, now adored, Zahia is far more than style over substance. Born in Algeria in , she moved to Champigny-sur-Marne, a poor suburb of France, when she was 10 with her mother and younger brother. Her single mother led a transient life, which caused the family much suffering. Not yet a prolific French speaker, she became embroiled in controversy just a few years later when it was alleged that she was paid to have sex with players from the French national soccer team while she was only When criticized for his endorsement of Zahia on national French TV, Lagerfeld publicly celebrated her checkered past.
Set for release in the U. Paris Couture week in A flamboyant collection of bridal G-strings with mini trains, red satin knickers trimmed with bows and decorative pasties, the line won over many fashion pundits. In addition to teaming with the likes of Pierre and Gilles and Nick and Chloe, just weeks after her fashion show at the Palais de Chaillot, she made an impression on the Paris art world with an exhibition of her own works and several high-profile collaborations.
The exhibition displayed a carefully. She also believes this was a more modern time for the country, when women in Arab world were free and liberated. Everything went smoothly, and I also loved taking pictures. It felt great; it was very funny. I liked it a lot. In addition to shooting a short film at Universal studios with director and photographer Alix Malka, she did various photo shoots and even found time to embark on a lunch excursion to the Beverly Hills Hotel, where she managed to command the attention of many in attendance, including Hollywood lotharios Warren Beatty and Robert De Niro.
Citing Johnny Depp as one of her favorite American celebrities, Zahia says her all-time favorite actress is Marilyn Monroe. I quite like Madonna and her character; I also like Pamela Anderson. When I was just 9, I was watching Baywatch all the time. Hugh Hefner is a character I like a lot because he created a real world around him in his manor, with all his playmates, even the character he created for himself with that costume.
He created everything from A to Z. She reportedly turned down an offer of one million Euros to be part of a German reality TV show. Now her focus seems to be the U. An upcoming campaign marketing her upscale lingerie is set for the U. There are also several film opportunities and a rumored reality TV series in the works. This is a purely french tradition that the whole world admired and copied…how do you think Coco Chanel started her career? Photographer and visionaire Guy Bourdin — , secretive and uncompromising, became a legend of fashion photography in his day as his gorgeous, surreal and sometimes dark imagery revolutionized fashion editorials and still influences them today.
After her passing, Samuel stood alone to face his father. But Bourdin, an extraordinary genius, was so fragile he chose to send his son away to the U. A photo in Exhibit A. Then there is another one with an enormous ball.
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Why these two shots? I like the abstract aspect and the symmetry…maybe even a little anti-fashion aspect as well. Your father was engaged in painting and photography? Do you see a relationship between them? In his painting there already was a great compositional effort. I think it influenced him. He began drawing with India ink, making thousands of little marks, very textured works, so I think there is a relationship in the treatment of textures, the colors, the densities, the verticalness, or sometimes even the solid patches. Even though there were restrictions, of course, like deadlines, etc.
In the photographic work, not in the painting? Photography, for him, was actually a field of ex-. I found people like Shelley [Verthime] and put my trust in them. It seems that a real construction has taken place, a most interesting accomplishment by Shelly, from a curatorial point of view. What is your perspective on the evolution of this work, such as exhibitions in development, publishing projects, and the like? For a very long time, we were in the construction phase, with problems surrounding the settlement of the estate, the first book, a first exhibition, a second exhibition, the second book, etc.
Then Shelly arrived…It was really tough for Shelly. She was the one to approach the Victoria and Albert Museum in There were just 35 photographs. Of those we may choose around , and an additional selection of vintage Polaroids, black and whites. This is even more interesting for those who knew Guy Bourdin.
You are producing prints of his images that Guy would never have imagined. In his time the technology was not available. Can you tell us more about the printing process? There is the one of a guy sitting with beer cans in front of a TV featuring a clock. When you back away, it just turns into penumbra. At the time, even chemical products used to develop film would slightly damage them, so the images were less clear, less sharp. My father was fascinated with matters of detail, texture, density, and there were a lot of very dense planes, like with the blades of grass.
With Dangin, I wanted to go glossy, really super glossy, so that when the image is put under glass or Plexiglas, while the brightness is somewhat neutralized, it still retains all of its density, sharpness, precision, and that crispness that my father so loved. What do you find most meaningful in them? But he kept painting. And it was difficult for him to finish his paintings because there were no external restrictions to challenge him and push him to engage himself, you see… P: Did he paint only in Normandy?
He painted in the countryside, in Greece, in Austria, at home in Paris, here and there, in Normandy, and he painted at the Rue Pache. Which would be his most accomplished work? They may be quarreling in front of an open window through which you can see the other side of the street. No, not spread apart, but the legs resting on the armrest of an armchair. Plenty of images like that… B: Do you think painting helped your father in his photographic art or vice versa? I think painting came first…because he began with drawing. And when you look at the black and white photos, you see how super polished they are.
And today the results are here for all to see. A really structured job. Did you work alone? What are the preconceptions about his work? The mark of a period as Barbara suggested, i. Because ultimately we only saw the tip of the iceberg, i. But behind that was a huge amount of work that never appeared and that today reveals itself to be very contemporary. Artists today can work in many ways, take pictures, work in 3D, do what they want; no one demands that they be limited to a single technique. We often place people in categories. But he was different, a bit like a UFO.
Sybille made our clothes. He had no relationship to fashion. That means he could have photographed any clothes as long as he was allowed to create his own atmosphere. It was, in fact, a tool to express himself, and that is why, surprisingly, he remains pertinent because he had a singular approach to the composition of images. Guy was lucky that Roland Jourdan gave him carte blanche and those two were really a match made in heaven. Guy took great advantage of it.
At Vogue, too, Francine Crescent, the chief editor, adored him and protected him until when she left and he no longer wanted to work for Vogue from that point on. Shorts may not be the right term; studies, rather. Was there a storyline? Did he follow a script? They were work sessions of sorts.
He read books on cinema. In one on Eric Von Stroheim, there were image strips allowing a close look at the films. Guy was interested in capturing movement, something going on, so he took reels and reels. This summer, Guy Bourdin Untouched was featured during the month of photography in Arles. The exhibition curator, Ingo Taubhorn, came to Normandy where I keep the paintings, he looked at everything and in the end he took almost everything. He chose many drawings. I said to him: So in the art of Guy Bourdin, there is a double axis: In the Jourdan campaign, certain images were very strong and were indeed referring to the existential aspect … and seeing Guy at a distance today, we can indeed see that double edge, the playful aspect and then a very fundamental aspect about life itself.
He was a little impish, but more a deadpan type. And he had a sense of burlesque… S: So for example, in the now famous shot, which was featured on the catalogue cover of the Victoria and Albert Museum show, you see the face of a woman and a red puddle next to it. There were also many references to comic strips. It reminds one of Roy Lichtenstein.
Where does his art of derision come from? There is irony, his devil-may-care side, a little anarchistic, anti-conventional, to the point of provocation. Also to startle people, in relation to seduction, sex. But there are also themes: He had the same attitude towards his assistants and models. A desire to create certain emotions and depart from ordinariness. He also had a light side, and he used to go against the conventional and heavy side of things: Guy was like a sprite.
He had a great sense of humor, all the time. A great deal of humor and lightness of being while remaining hyper concentrated on his work. I have this particular memory of him: One thing struck me about Guy, in addition to his provocation, which indeed never was vulgar, was his. You probably were accustomed to it. I think he really was reserved but there also was a kind of restraint, maybe also in regards to his familial environment, not a discomfort, but he was sort of off-kilter with people.
So yes, reserve…there was a kind of demureness or distance in his mode of relating to others, though when he was out on the town, he could also let go a bit. Samuel, what was Guy after? Do you think that your father had an all-encompassing vision of all that he had accomplished, i. No, not secondarily at all. He was painting till the very end, and he was always reading books on painting. We were talking about Polaroids.
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Were they just part of the process, work instruments for him? There are two aspects: But Guy reframed his pictures, he cut them, too… S: He would cut them so that his framing would be respected. So he would cut the negative to prevent the people in editorial at Vogue, among others, from poorly reframing his selection. Guy had to reframe all the time, as he had to adapt his images, which had their own formatting,.
So there was framing within the framing… S: Sometimes there were also horizontal shots placed on a vertical page. There were collages of sorts with many images on double pages, or horizontal images on vertical pages. So Guy went from a small to a very, very large format since his paintings are very large format. They call that XXL today, two and a half meters.
Once when I was cleaning, gathering up all of his paintings together, I thought I had organized everything, then, behind a curtain, I discovered another trove of things… Guy Bourdin Retrospective at the House of Photography, Hamburg, Germany. Is there a precise iconographical direction towards the end of his life? Everything was a bit disorderly. And what about the pictures, where did he put them then?
He put them almost all over the place. There were always pictures lying around everywhere. And photos stored at the magazines, the selected ones. I had to recuperate them all, actually Barbara witnessed it. He kept everything, all of the rejects, he had everything… P: We have talked about the exhibitions, the painting and the drawings. Makeup, mascara, diorshow new look in black by DIOR. Foundation, nude bb creme in light. In addition to her obvious fashion connections, Elle is something of an acting prodigy, having already amassed a weighty portfolio of TV shows and films.
No doubt she is destined for big things in either industry. I just played on a swing with Sean Penn, and I can remember having a lot of fun rolling around on the grass. It was then that I understood it was make-believe and that I was just playing a character. Asked how she juggles work and education, she says she prefers attending a normal school rather than being home-tutored.
Some people go to soccer practice; I go and make a movie instead. I just come back and clean my room afterwards. Without a hint of malice or annoyance, she eagerly recounts how a group of people recently recognized her. I was on a roller coaster with a group of my friends, and as I was hanging upside down, there was someone who recognized me. It was a good experience. She says they simply talk about regular sister stuff and tend to things around the house. She says her main idols are Reese Witherspoon and Jodie Foster. I liked her in Taxi Driver. I also like Cate Blanchett.
Obviously my sister is one and just seen her I always look up to her. Just seeing how she became an evil character was just amazing. I loved working with her. Elle offers some additional insights into her forthcoming projects. My character in it was a little crazy, which I loved playing. Jake Paltrow directed and wrote it. Low Down is based on the true story of a jazz pianist named Joe Albany.
He was a heroin addict, so he never quite made it. On set, we had fake syringes and fake powder—it freaked everyone out. It was very scary. I can remember doing that at a very young age. We like to see more funny movies. I also like to watch a lot of films on a plane; it heightens your emotions. I will probably be living in LA. Now a feature-film biopic about the legendary fashion star is scheduled for a release. They were a force in the fashion industry, creators of a legacy and undeniable change in the very nature of fashion. With a penchant for adapting European-made success stories, Hollywood heavyweight Harvey Weinstein is putting his efforts into molding the.
The film offers a raw and candid examination of the fashion industry, with glimpses into the seedy side of the business—from sex and drugs to scandal. French actor-turned-director Jalil Lespert has entered into a deal with Weinstein to transform the project for the U. Weinstein is in good stead to attain local success with the proj-.
He also bought fashion house Halston in , in an attempt to revive the label, and is married to the designer Georgia Chapman. When Lespert came to me with his sensitivity, his en-. I told him yes. Part of the production will be shot at the foun-. The professional life of the artist and icon blossomed by the age of 18, when he gained the attention of French Vogue and began working with Christian Dior.
His first year at Dior was comprised of mundane tasks, but season after season, his sketches were chosen by Dior. He was drafted by the French. After suffering bullying and misery in the army, he subsequently checked himself into a military hospital where he received shock treatments, psychedelic drugs, and sedatives. In later life, Yves said he traced his mental illness and drug addictions back to that hospital stay. Throughout his career, and as fitting testament to his genius, Yves was the recipient of many awards.
In , Saint Laurent became the first living fashion designer to be honored by the Met-. In , he made a graceful exit from the fashion industry with a memorable farewell show. The doors slid shut on his active career with a final couture collection. Over 2, people attended the show at the Pompidou Centre and several thousand more watched outside on a giant screen. These lucky ones witnessed an incomparable summation of an astounding career. An official selection of the Toronto and Tribeca film festivals,.
Framed around the auction of the priceless, elaborate art collection amassed by Yves and Pierre over several decades, the documentary provides an unprecedented look at the life of the mythic personality, whose personal life matched his public for elegance, extravagance, and passion. In , YSL made a graceful exit from the fashion industry with a memorable farewell show. The show was attended by 2, FENDI mink fur coat. So everything starts with Instagram.
There are no signature wares bound for a cable-shopping network. Nor a style book in the works, advising everyday women how to dress like a red carpet regular. To her, social media enables connections, however ephemeral, with family and friends. That is the sustenance allowing me this frenetic lifestyle. Besides, she can push the boundaries of time giving her famously devoted commitment to Tom Ford, Steven Meisel, or James Mangold who directed five of the 20 feature films to her credit, including Walk the Line, which garnered Phillips her first Academy Award nod.
An ongoing oeuvre with Madonna dating back to knows no limits: On this clement Friday at home, the only thing Phillips is pushing is a crisp elixir of lemon juice and basil leaves she pulverized in her Vitamix blender.
I try to bolster myself a week in advance of any travels with really good food. There are scarcely 72 hours until a London-bound plane takes off with Phillips and several cases crammed with personal items and research materials for an eight-month relocation there. It will mean leaving her boyfriend, two rambunctious dogs, and a cat to oversee every sartorial detail in and associated with the Matthew Vaughn-directed spy thriller The Secret Service. The two met through Guy Richie.
Among his credits are Kick-Ass and X-Men: This latest project, slated for a late release, expands on the notion that clothes make the man: Every detail—down to the branding of the suits and shirts—are under her aesthetic consideration. True to any Savile Row house, there are signature plaids and pinstripes to be exactingly cut and stitched into suits. I never want to repeat myself. This time, Phillips is channeling the many dangerous dandy leads of Michael Caine during his s films. I have a team of people. These are highly skilled professionals who help me realize my vision.
She and a sister, five years her junior, were raised in s Northern California among nonconformists, minus the drug culture. Add to that support system the gentle, unflappable man who has stood quietly next to Phillips these last eight years. Makeup, foundation, diorblush in beige nude by DIOR.
DIOR coat and skirt. This is where he discovered his love for design. While he began his career in fashion, he ultimately found freedom in creating furniture— sculptural objects devoid of the constraints of designed clothing. After leaving Emanuel Ungaro, he wanted to throw himself into this new venture, something he had never done before.
How would you define your career path? My path was subconsciously defined by my childhood dreams. My purpose in life is to realize all my fantasies, everything fueled by my imagination. Whether it is fashion, costume design, interior design, furniture design, photography, or becoming the editor of a magazine—to me all these mediums provide me with the perfect platform for staging my obsessions.
Can you tell us about your current projects, especially for late early ? I am working on several projects simultaneously. I am in the process of decorating a showroom for a luxury brand. We are also in the middle of a hotel construction, which is located above the club Montana. There will also be a restaurant at the top and six eccentric Parisian suites. I was appointed artistic director for the production.
I was named curator to design four limited-edition issues. I have complete creative control. Why the love of surrealism? VD This love of surrealism was triggered by a cultural shock I experienced when I was a teenager. My mother, a socialist, took me to an exhibition where I discovered the art of the absurd and delirious, the joyful freedom of a fascinating era where artists, musicians, and writers collaborated together to build a movement that could simply not be classified.
I fully see myself as a part of this tradition. Surrealism and Dadaism are the essence of my inspiration and remain the driving force of my imagination. Does the Internet influence your creation? VD The Internet has not changed my work. But in an emergency—alas! Can you tell me about your experience working with Karl Lagerfeld? VD Working with Karl was the most fun I have had in my life.
He is a quirky and unique character who destroys everything with his smashing humor. Every moment with him is a happening. He is the Andy Warhol of fashion, with the gift of a quick comeback and slogan. If you submit a failed prototype, he will immediately transform it into an idea of pure genius and make it great. He is full of anecdotes and stories about the personalities of the past, stories that inevitably drift into genealogies of their sexuality.
He avoids making moral judgments; he is a free spirit and his friendship is an invaluable and irreplaceable luxury! When Miuccia realized his first collections, I. Moschino is the house I identify with the most. The derision of fashion made with a touch of surrealism was exactly my universe. I really had fun making those collections with Rossela Jardini. Would you go back to fashion? I have no desire to go back to fashion. I am so happy designing furniture and creating interior designs.
I venture into new projects with enthusiasm! What is Hollywood for you? Hollywood, with its surrealism, is a source of inspiration for me. For example, the colors of the baroque Vincente Minnelli, and Orson Welles is inexhaustible! Similarly, in France with the New Wave. Are you an art collector? I collect art by chance and encounters, the same way I manage my life and friendships.
She is at turns tender and savage, spontaneous, and coy. She can be intensely funny, intensely smart, and equally reckless. A round ceramic ashtray between us is filling as she sparks another cigarette, with just enough time to allow for a dramatic pause in our latest story exchange. A plot line on a nearby plasma set seems tailored for this disparate pop culture medley: Cherie Curie, The Runaways legend-turned-chainsaw carving artist is teaching the Kardashian clan to hack a wood stump into a bear.
She is always too close to call her on it, her storytelling too entertaining to matter. The book is only one of the reasons Love is putting herself back out into the spotlight again. Nights before, she was hurling a dozen floppy roses into every direction like nails from a homemade bomb. The worst thing you can do to a band is put them on the road and barely break even. He is not afraid of wielding his power or being rejected.
The pair met through Gareth Pugh and is shopping a business plan to secure funding. It includes an up-cycle capsule of expertly reworked vintage and a ready-to-wear collection scaled for wider distribution. Love a long-time muse, and Hedi Slimane appeared to have raided her closet for his Saint Laurent Fall collection. I thought it was a little naff at the time. I had to be reminded of what moment I was in.
Shut up and be a good girl. Her yoga practice might be dragging. But healthy is relative. Her relationship with daughter Francis Bean Cobain is better than ever. The house is beautiful. Really grand Norma Desmond pieces like giant armoires. I had a big Art Nouveau phase. Has she considered an auction? The upholstery is stained. There are silk Art Deco rugs with giant moth holes.
I took the best pieces to New York. I want modern in my life. When you move into a new place in your life, you want new everything. Enter British-born Roy Evans, a refreshing exception to the stereotype and quite possibly the personification of the upside to a brief boxing career. Rob now prefers modeling to pugilism and is on the brink of stardom as an actionmovie star. His exotic beauty and successful modeling career are a stark contrast to his working-class Brit heritage and background as a competitive boxer.
Surprisingly down-to-earth, Rob is known for defying the veneer of pretense in which the modeling game so often accouters itself. At just 24, he is now considered a hot property. Rob says he refuses to adhere to the cookie-cutter skinny look that has been deemed acceptable in the industry and that he has difficulty losing weight.
Fast and Furious film franchise and the next Trans-. Hair, golden cacao silky. I want to be taken seriously, and I have to overcome the stereotype of being seen as just a pretty boy. I really look up to actors like The Rock Duane Johnson. I might be asked to come back, anything could happen, if they want me back I guess I will do it. It really motivates you. In addition to his forthcoming film roles, Rob is also in negotiation to be the face of Nike and Monster Headphones in huge ad campaigns.
The sensuous piece of haute technology was custom-made for burlesque icon Dita Von Teese and hand-finished with thousands of jet Swarovski crystals. The muse sat down with the artisan for 7Hollywood to ask him about how it all began. I grew up in Kansas City, Missouri. In school, I did well in art classes—but poorly in most everything else. I was bullied quite a lot, so I tended to take refuge indoors, making things with my hands. I asked my mother and grandmother to. But she was a beautiful girl and I had a vision of her in this gown.
Eventually, I wanted to combine my interest in fashion with my love of musical entertainers, so I moved to New York City in I started making jewelry out of found objects, then developed an interest in chainmaille. Fabrics created through the repetition of discrete components are a nerdy obsession of mine. What was your first big break? I made a chainmaille dress that ended up in a store window. Cher went into the store and asked for my number.
Somebody slipped Cher your number? People have seen you in that dress on every continent. This is your idol… and your first big client? She called and I went to her house. I was like 22 and it was pretty daunting! But we bonded right away. I received an Emmy nomination for the costumes I made for her special. Eventually, she started giving my things as gifts to friends like Bon Jovi and Aerosmith. To ask other readers questions about Ferius Foxfur and the Bottle of Violet , please sign up.
Be the first to ask a question about Ferius Foxfur and the Bottle of Violet. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. May 05, Jack Clarke rated it really liked it. My view on this short story may be a tad biased because I am already a fan of this writer's contribution to the video games industry, however, I must say that I found this short story highly intriguing and entertaining which left me wanting more from Eras and the mystery and secrets it holds.
I look forward to more accounts in the future. Mar 02, David Caldwell rated it it was amazing Shelves: I have very fond memories of the fantasy stories from my youth. Both the stories and the movies seemed to have a special feel to them. They seemed to be both more innocent and less dark than the fantasy stories that I see now. Movies like Willow and Ladyhawke were magical and made me want to visit those worlds.
This short story made me feel like those stories from long ago. From page one, I felt transported to another realm where magic is possible, even if it has faded somewhat. I thoroughly enj I have very fond memories of the fantasy stories from my youth. I thoroughly enjoyed the characters, creatures and setting in the story. I can not find any other stories by this author but it is labelled as book one.
7Hollywood- Fantasy Issue 2 by 7HOLLYWOOD - Issuu
I hope there are more stories coming because I really want to revisit this world. I found this as a free download. Feb 20, Anthony Purchase rated it really liked it. A moment of fantasy from an obvious fan. Mood and imagery carried me through to the end of this short story. Had there been more then 5 stars would have been deserved. This is a well imagined and capably presented glimpse into a world of epic fantasy by a writer besotted with the genre but lacking the time to present a fully realized story. Mar 02, Andrew rated it it was amazing.
Ferius Foxfur is a touching little tale that makes me excited to see where Clements takes this series of stories. I love the approach he's choosing to take here with these tales. You can feel the love Clements has for the genre in this story, wrapped up in some impressive writing. I will be reading the next one shortly, and any others Ryan writes. American publications typically have run substantially more photos of Iraqi blood spilled, including the New York Times with 55 photos of Iraqis dead or wounded over the six months surveyed, compared with its 10 photos of U.
The Washington Post ran 18 Iraqi casualty photos and six of U. But there are other reasons. American editors have less fear that grieving friends and relatives half a world away will have see the traumatic photos. When they do show images of casualties on the American side, newspaper executives can count on a backlash.
Newark's Star-Ledger received about two dozen complaints when it ran the picture of Babbitt on its front page. Complaints to the News Tribune of Tacoma about the "insensitivity" of the photo prompted Executive Editor Dave Zeeck to write an explanatory essay on Page 2 of the main news section. Zeeck told readers that he believed the picture, taken by John Moore of the Associated Press, epitomized the sacrifice of the American soldier.
Nearly 20 photographers who have worked in Iraq said in interviews that no factor limited pictures of the bloodshed more than the difficulty in getting to the news. News organizations have invested millions of dollars in covering the war, but journalists form a thin, broken line when stretched across the vast deserts and mountains of Iraq. At any given time in recent months, from three to 13 photographers have been on assignment with the military, a U. And those who remain "in country" find their movements increasingly limited by the violence.
Americans, he said, "are missing the war. The embedded perspective is going vastly undercovered, with some exceptions, and that is the only place you can cover the risk and the price being paid by Americans. But like journalists through history, today's war photographers endure long hours of boredom, punctuated by "crazy adrenaline for perhaps 20 minutes at a time," said Thomas Dworzak of Magnum Photos, another agency whose photos are distributed widely to the media.
In one six-week period, Dworzak said, the unit he was embedded with engaged in two firefights and suffered two bomb attacks, while violent encounters went unrecorded minutes away. Digital cameras and satellite communications make it possible to ship pictures from a foxhole at the front. Many soldiers and officers in Iraq said they came to respect the cameramen and camerawomen who stood beside them through firefights and mortar barrages. But those relationships can fray quickly when things go wrong.
They weathered several life-threatening episodes with the troops. But much of the respect they gained disappeared when the two tried to take pictures of wounded and dead soldiers being rushed to a field hospital. Cole, a Pulitzer winner for photographs she took of the war in Liberia, said later she understood the soldiers' high emotions. But she resented the row of soldiers blocking her camera, who in her view prevented her from doing her job.
They didn't want anything shown of their grief and what was happening on the negative side, which is equally important. They transferred to a Marine unit. The Army public affairs officer who oversaw the two did not respond to repeated requests for comment. Hondros, the Getty Images photographer, took pictures early this year that provoked a particularly strong reaction.
They showed children in the terrifying moments after an Army patrol accidentally shot their parents to death. Published in Newsweek and several newspapers, the pictures sparked discussion of the military's rules of engagement with civilian vehicles and provoked an outpouring of aid for the "orphans of Tall Afar. Officers with the unit, which patrolled the town near the Syrian border, said they thought they had an understanding with the photographer that he would hold the pictures until they could investigate.
Hondros said he had made no such agreement. Dean Hoffmeyer of the Richmond Times-Dispatch in Virginia found out how confounding such calculations could become a few days before Christmas, when a suicide bomber attacked the military mess tent where he was waiting in line with dozens of soldiers. Blasted to the ground, Hoffmeyer pulled himself up and into the chaos of the deadliest attack of the war on any U. A young man bleeding to death beside him would be one of 22 to die that day.
Despite a broken lens, aperture wide open, Hoffmeyer fired off several frames of the mortally wounded soldier. But he never transmitted the pictures of the dying GI. Seeing them weeks later, his editor would describe them as "horrible pictures, wonderfully made. He has gotten plenty of support from other photographers and taken hits from a few others, who suggested he left his best work in his camera. If the vivid shots had made the paper, they might have infuriated the Virginia National Guard battalion he had covered, and threatened his plan to catalog the unit's postwar lives.
Finally, he thought how terrible it would be if he ever had to see pictures of his own son, age 9, in such a position. Army captain during November's assault on Fallouja. It was apparently the only news picture to be published of one of the dozens of service members who died in the battle. Schanberg argued that the war could not be covered while "omitting anything important out of timidity or squeamishness.
But when it appeared the soldier could be recognized, "we thought it was too horrific, because it was more personalized then. That's a marked contrast from the attitude at many foreign publications, which tend to run more pictures of bloodshed, whether from the accident across town or a war across the world. Scenes of the war's death and destruction appear routinely in Europe and Asia, according to several journalism analysts.
But that coverage has limits. Editors of several English newspapers acknowledged, for instance, that they used pictures of British casualties sparingly. Nonetheless, foreign news outlets depict more bloodshed, perhaps in part because their audiences have often had closer contact with war and seem less willing to accept sanitized coverage, one U. A survey on behalf of Associated Press managing editors questioned 2, regular newspaper readers about a series of photos, including the image of the mortally wounded Babbitt.
See a Problem?
God rest his soul. The Times surveyed six newspapers and two newsmagazines for six months for pictures of the dead, wounded and grieving--including funerals, memorials and rehabilitation of the wounded. Editors said there had simply been more Iraqi casualties and that they were less concerned about relatives seeing images published here.
The reasoning is simple enough. In January , the Supreme Court made abortion legal throughout the United States, where previously it had been available in only five states. In , roughly , women had abortions in America; by , the number was 1. In other words, the very factors that drove millions of American women to have an abortion also seemed to predict that their children, had they been born, would have led unhappy and possibly criminal lives Levitt and Stephen J. But that is not this book at all.
Far more intelligent, modest and orthodox than it pretends, the book is a delight; it educates, surprises and amuses. It shows, in fact, what plain old-fashioned economics can do in the hands of a boundlessly curious and superbly skilled practitioner. Many economists don't care whether sumo wrestling is fixed, or whether drug dealers prefer to live with their mothers.
It is their loss Mr Levitt is a professor at the University of Chicago, and a winner of the John Bates Clark Medal, awarded by the American Economic Association every two years to the best economist under Not many rogue economists achieve either distinction. Stephen Dubner, Mr Levitt's co-author, is a contributor to the New York Times magazine, and presumably responsible for the book's frequently tiresome breathlessness. And it might be Mr Dubner's fault that the book often veers without due process between being about Mr Levitt and being by him, which is jarring. But the material triumphs over these flaws of style.
Indeed, the material is quite fascinating. The man's curiosity is unbounded in two complementary senses. And then he digs for explanations with total disregard for the demands of political correctness. You might say that he rejoices in being politically incorrect, except that he seems not to care much one way or the other.
One of his best-known, and in some quarters notorious, findings concerns America's falling crime-rate during the s. Other kinds of crime fell too. Some gave the credit to economic growth; others to gun control; still others to new methods of policing, or to greater reliance on imprisonment, or to increasing use of the death penalty, or to the ageing of the population.
Mr Levitt goes carefully through these various explanations, checking them against the evidence. He finds that some of them do offer a partial explanation more jail time, for instance , whereas others do not greater use of the death penalty, new policing methods. But the most intriguing finding was that one of the most powerful explanations had not even been broached. That explanation was abortion. Testing it is quite another matter.
But the book moves methodically and persuasively through the statistical evidence. It turns out, for instance, that crime started falling earlier in the states that legalised abortion before Roe v Wade; that the states with the highest abortion rates saw the biggest drops in crime even controlling for other factors ; that there was no link between abortion rates and crime before the late s when unborn criminals, as it were, first began to affect the figures ; and that a similar association of crime and abortion has been found in other countries. The book ranges over cheating teachers, corrupt sumo wrestlers and lying on-line daters.
It examines parallels between estate agents and the Ku Klux Klan. It asks why drug dealers tend to live with their mothers. Using all his ingenuity in finding and exploring data, he then examines whether being given a distinctively black or white name affects one's prospects in life. A boy named Jake will tend to do better than one called DeShawn, but that is because he is less likely to have been raised in a low-income, low-education, single-parent household, and not because the name itself confers any advantage.
So much for boys' names; what about book titles? Does a stupid title herald a worse-than-average book? But if a really clever author were to write a book and give it a really stupid title, it might turn out as well as this one. O'Grady testified that he was molested as a child by two priests in the sacristy of his church. The first occurred when he was 10 and an altar boy, he said. And when he was a teenager, he added, a priest touched him sexually. Nobody talked about it," he said. Mahony, recently described his decades-long career as a pedophile, including his sexual tastes and how he groomed his young victims for abuse.
In a hour videotaped deposition in March, Oliver O'Grady described how his heart raced when one of the slim, playful boys he preferred toweled off after a swim. He also said he liked to lift little girls' skirts and peek at their underpants. Asked to demonstrate how he would lure one of his estimated 25 victims into his arms, the year-old Irish native softened his voice, flashed an avuncular smile and looked directly into the video camera. I want to give you a hug. You are a sweetheart. You are very special to me. I like you a lot. The deposition came in connection with lawsuits filed against the Stockton Diocese over alleged abuse by clergy.
Mahony, who was bishop of Stockton from to before heading the Los Angeles Archdiocese, inherited O'Grady, who had admitted years earlier to molesting an year-old girl. In , police investigated a therapist's report that O'Grady had molested a boy. After police declined to file charges, Mahony transferred O'Grady to a rural parish and later promoted him to pastor there, where he allegedly molested three more victims, including a baby girl who suffered vaginal scarring, according to plaintiffs' lawyers.
Mahony has said he was unaware of any molestation reports. The additional victims were molested after he left the diocese. Costa Mesa-based plaintiffs' attorney John C. Manly conducted the deposition in Ireland. The now-defrocked priest, an Irish citizen and native of Limerick, was deported from the U.
He lives in Thurles, Ireland. A transcript of the deposition was filed Tuesday in Alameda County Superior Court, where the Stockton Diocese is defending four lawsuits alleging that the church failed to protect parishioners from abuse. Manly filed the transcript in opposing a church motion to dismiss one of the suits. O'Grady, on the video, asked why church officials did not remove him from ministry after he committed the molestations. We need to take you out,' " O'Grady told lawyers during the questioning. He's saying I wish it could have been done differently.
An attorney for the Stockton Diocese, Paul Balestracci, declined to comment, noting the open lawsuits over O'Grady's misconduct. O'Grady's deposition offers a far-reaching, and often disturbing, glimpse into the mind of a convicted pedophile. Still, there were times during the marathon question-and-answer session when he was less than candid.
He refused to name any of his 25 victims, invoking his 5th Amendment right against self-incrimination. He at first denied molesting one little girl, then the next day admitted that he had lied and that he had abused her. He said his abuse ended in the mids, but in his criminal case he had pleaded guilty to molestations as late as Although O'Grady voiced remorse for his abuses, he often appeared to be enjoying his videotaped performance.
At one point, he winked into the camera. His first assignment as a priest was to the Stockton Diocese in Five years later, O'Grady testified in an earlier deposition, he fondled an year-old girl he had met at a summer camp and invited to sleep over at the rectory. So I left and went back to my own bed," he told lawyers during the March deposition, estimating that he had spent no more than 20 minutes in the girl's bed.
O'Grady testified that the bishop, who is now deceased, confronted him and he confessed. O'Grady wrote the family a letter of apology, angering Guilfoyle, O'Grady said. The letter was in O'Grady's personnel file when Mahony assumed the bishopric, according to court records. O'Grady said he suffered no repercussions for his transgression. Court records show that in , four years after Mahony became bishop of Stockton, O'Grady told his therapist he had fondled a 9-year-old boy.
The therapist alerted child welfare officials, and police opened an investigation. O'Grady took the 5th Amendment when asked during the deposition what he told his therapist. But he testified that Mahony was out of town at the time, so he told the bishop's second-in-command about the investigation. He said the official sent him to talk to the diocese's lawyer.
The child, who had been asleep during the alleged molestation, said he was unaware of any abuse, and police declined to file charges. Court records show, however, that police said an attorney for the diocese promised that O'Grady would be transferred to a job where he would not have contact with children, and that he would be sent to therapy.
O'Grady testified that Mahony sent him to a psychiatrist for an evaluation, which the cardinal has acknowledged was the church's standard operating procedure at the time for handling pedophile priests. Almost immediately thereafter, O'Grady said, Mahony transferred him to a parish in San Andreas, about an hour outside Stockton. Mahony later promoted him to pastor. There was no school at his new assignment, but O'Grady testified that he supervised hundreds of students who came in on weekends and after school to study Catechism.
Mahony has testified in court that he never saw the letter of apology O'Grady wrote to his female victim's family. He also said that he did not know the details of what O'Grady had told his therapist and that once police declined to file charges in connection with the 9-year-old boy, he saw no reason to investigate further. O'Grady "was in counseling at the time," Woods said, "and the second opinion that the diocese obtained said the counseling was satisfactory and he should continue with it.
The second opinion did not recommend that he be removed from ministry, nor did the [evaluation] render any diagnosis of pedophilia. But asked to describe his "type," he gave an animated response. I'm not saying that he necessarily had family problems but seemed to identify with me as somebody who he could trust, who he could come to, who was willing to take care of him.
He also said he occasionally wore women's lingerie he found among donated clothes left at his church. Jury members told The Times they thought Mahony was untruthful on the witness stand, that he had allowed O'Grady's pattern of abuse to continue. Mahony said he thought the jurors were wrong and that he took extraordinary steps to protect children. But most of the federal government appeared to shrug off the impending disaster, following a familiar pattern: The powerful Chouteau family, which controlled fur trade on the Missouri, had likewise blocked a vaccination program because it would have delayed Indian hunting parties from leaving for their profitable trips to the high plains".
The nearby Mandan and Hidatsa tribes had gathered hundreds of packs of bison robes. Traders and Indians alike were eagerly awaiting the arrival of the steamboat St. Peters, churning upriver from St. Peters, a ton side-wheeler, docked at Fort Clark on June 19 and unloaded trade goods and Indian provisions. That night the crew members of the St. The next day the St. Peters headed upstream toward Fort Union, at the mouth of the Yellowstone.
But in its wake it left a ticking time bomb. In addition to its cargo of supplies, the steamboat had been carrying several passengers and crewmen infected with variola major, the lethal virus feared for thousands of years by its better-known name: Smallpox had previously swept across the high plains from Mexico in the late 18th century, ravaging the Mandan and other tribes such as the Ojibwa, Pawnee and Arikara, whose population fell by as much as two-thirds.
But by the s the Mandan and the other tribes of the Upper Missouri had largely outlived their acquired immunity to the disease, and none had been inoculated or vaccinated. As a result, the voyage of the St. Peters triggered one of the most catastrophic epidemics recorded on the North American continent. Raymond Wood, an anthropologist who has studied Plains Indian cultures. Peters crew member had showed symptoms on May 2, two weeks after the boat left St. Ignoring suggestions that the man be put ashore, the year-old captain, Bernard Pratte Jr.
Louis the packs of profitable furs his company was expecting. Chardon reported the first Mandan death from smallpox on July 14, less than a month after the side-wheeler left Fort Clark. Soon his young son Andrew would join them. The deaths were as horrifying as they were numerous. Victims experienced high fever, chills and excruciating pain. In a futile effort to find relief, sufferers threw themselves into water and rolled in hot ashes.
Husbands and wives committed mutual suicide, stabbing themselves with arrows and knives, or leaping off cliffs. At Fort Union, the post at the junction of the Missouri and Yellowstone rivers, traders bungled an attempt to inoculate Indian women living there with scabs taken from a victim. Dozens of Indians died, as did whites who had not been inoculated, and the stench of decaying bodies inside the post was palpable yards away. Reports of the immensity of the horror on the Upper Missouri soon began to trickle eastward. William Fulkerson, who oversaw local Indian affairs from his base at Fort Clark, wrote to the explorer William Clark, at the time Indian superintendent in St.
The powerful Chouteau family, which controlled fur trade on the Missouri, had likewise blocked a vaccination program because it would have delayed Indian hunting parties from leaving for their profitable trips to the high plains. But this time, in the face of widespread administrative indifference, one U. Traveling to his new post on board the St. Peters during its fateful trip, Pilcher had observed the disease spreading among passengers on the ship before he disembarked at his post, downriver from Fort Clark. Quickly realizing the nature of the unfolding calamity, Pilcher sent out messengers from Fort Kiowa to warn the nomadic Lakota and Nakota Sioux still hunting on the plains to stay away from the river in order to avoid contagion.
By the time he returned to St. Louis that winter, Pilcher had pieced together the first overall estimate of the extent of the tragedy. Scholars now believe that there were to actual survivors. Half of the Hidatsa had died, as had half of the Arikara. The disease had reached the Blackfeet of the Rocky Mountains. All the Indians on the Columbia River as far as the Pacific Ocean will share the fate of those before alluded to. They would try to locate the Sioux and persuade them to accept vaccination with the milder form of variola called cowpox.
This vaccine, developed by the Englishman Edward Jenner in the s, had proved so effective that Jefferson had urged Lewis and Clark to carry it with them on their historic expedition. Their supply was damaged in transit and never used. The Indians were profoundly embittered toward the white traders who had inflicted the malady upon them, and some sought revenge.
Chardon himself received several death threats and narrowly escaped an assassination attempt at Fort Clark. Who would risk such a perilous trip? Pilcher would find his man in an unlikely spot: Undeterred, DePrefontaine took his revenge by writing newspaper articles attacking the theater. Swallowing whatever doubts he may have harbored, and with no other applicants breaking down his door, Pilcher hired DePrefontaine. By April , ten months after smallpox first hit the Mandan, the two men were ready to head up the Missouri to look for Sioux.
Louis levee, they boarded the steamboat Antelope and proceeded upriver, making the usual stops at Fort Leavenworth and the Black Snake Hills near present-day St. Once past Council Bluffs, in what is now Iowa, Pilcher and DePrefontaine prepared to face tribes angry at whites and suspicious of vaccinations. Instead, they were astonished to find that the Indians had not only lost their fear of vaccinations but were eagerly seeking them.
The two men stopped to vaccinate the Oto, Omaha and Santee Sioux. By the time the Antelope reached Fort Pierre, 1, miles above St. Louis, DePrefontaine estimated he had given 3, vaccinations, though Pilcher believed the actual total was far larger. But DePrefontaine had not yet located several large bands of nomadic Lakota still hunting somewhere in the vast plains between the Missouri River and Rocky Mountains.
Pilcher furnished him with more vaccine and sent him overland on horseback. His instructions were to find the Sioux, or to return to Fort Pierre in three weeks. Unfortunately, the mission was only a partial success. He returned to St. DePrefontaine continued to vaccinate tribes on the Missouri for at least two more years. But as often on the frontier, there was a fine line between humanitarian and rogue. In the s, the mercurial doctor was identified as a member of a gang that robbed and murdered a Spanish merchant on the Santa Fe Trail. He later was reported to have been involved in an attempt to assassinate Frank P.
Pilcher and DePrefontaine may well have felt that their efforts did not make much difference in the end. Ninety percent of the Mandan died. Only a handful of teachers still know the Mandan language. It was searing hot, and I could see the heat waves dancing on the prairie. I remember wondering if our ancestors saw those heat waves before they slipped into delirium, then death. We must treat it with reverence. If that were to happen, the human population would be susceptible to a resurgence of smallpox.
Feelings of victimhood blend with long-held guilt. They slipped out of a subway car, tiptoeing past drunken Russian soldiers and the bodies of raped German women. Her mother stopped and straightened the skirts of the dead. Sussmilch hurried out of the tunnel and into morning light, where blood trickled over bricks and smoke coiled in the sky.
I kept thinking, how could the sun shine under such circumstances? Adolf Hitler had shot himself days earlier in a bunker. Allied soldiers handed out candy bars and cigarettes.
- Godel's Proof and The Human Condition - The Basic Essays;
- Breakfast at Me and Pops.
- Biokrieg: Roman (German Edition).
Left with incalculable tons of rubble and facing decades of balancing guilt and atonement, Germany became a nation on a psychiatrist's couch, suppressing any wisp of patriotism and experiencing denial and, finally, acceptance. For years, the country refused to ponder the enormous suffering of its civilians. It did not question the morality of Allied bombings that ignited 1,degree firestorms in cities such as Dresden, where as many as 40, civilians died Feb. Has the chapter of self-chastisement now been closed? Persevering through the Cold War and building Europe's largest economy, a reunified Germany entered the new century an influential voice in international affairs.
The country looked to globalization and began restoring a national identity; the war turned into something to be studied, not be shackled by. Even the new government buildings in Berlin were designed in sharp angles and walls of glass, a transparent architecture to imply that nothing dark will rise again. But for aging soldiers and survivors, the past lingers like a sonata crackling from a gramophone.
Like many Germans, I believe I will feel guilty in my grave. But even if I would have known, I couldn't have done anything about it. You cannot know the times we were living in then. There were some dramatic recollections, such as the Aug. A country that "had murdered and worked to death millions of people in its camps could hardly call on the victorious powers to explain the military and political logic that dictated the destruction of German cities," W. Sebald wrote in his book "On the Natural History of Destruction.
The Allies said the raids were necessary to destroy the battered German industrial complex and break the nation's will. But Germans have increasingly questioned this assessment, saying that Hitler's war machine had crumbled and that, in the words of former German President Richard von Weizsacker, it was "inhuman" to target tens of thousands of civilians. Germans, however, are vigilant not to escape responsibility for the war, nor mar the reverence for the millions killed by Hitler.
Yet, in a nation where the past so often spirals through the present, there are constant battles over memory. Berlin will inaugurate its Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe on Tuesday amid threats by neo-Nazis to march near the site in hope of instigating a new spasm of nationalism. Despite persistent economic problems and high unemployment, there is little chance that far-right political parties will gain widespread support. One seldom hears "German" and "pride" in the same sentence.
The war is too large a specter for such revival, even if historical facts are sometimes parlayed into euphemisms. We have maybe five more years to get their memories. We are at the threshold between biological memory and scientific historical memory. He was shot in the leg in ; shrapnel sliced his jaw two years later. At 85, he is a well-built retired shop teacher with a trove of carved elephants. His hair is the same sandy brown it was when he posed for his army portrait. He visits classrooms whenever he can to tell students his story. It's bitter and sad for us Germans, but we have to face it.
I just don't want to be perceived as this old guy talking about an old war. He was drafted into the army soon afterward and, like many Germans who witnessed anti-Semitism in schools and in their jobs, says he was unaware of the atrocities by the Nazis. It wasn't until he read newspapers in a Russian POW camp in the late s that he says he learned of the Holocaust. It was useless to seek words. But we shouldn't open our mouths too much to try to play the 'big guy.
Russian forces pressed in from the east and north and circled the capital and the German ranks collapsed. In the region around Halbe, the remains of German soldiers are still being found in scattered fields and forests and given proper burials. No one wanted to be captured by the Russians. When our fuel ran out, we confiscated horses from local farmers to pull the cannons. But the Russian planes came and strafed the horses.
We couldn't move the artillery, but we could eat the horses. Then we had cows pull the artillery, but the planes came again, so we ate the cows. He thinks it's too materialistic, too consumed again with being the biggest and strongest. He calls it the "German disease. They were sometimes stronger than my father's influence. I always tried to sneak around the Hitler Youth. But how can you sneak around the draft? Sometimes as a young man, you don't know what courage is.
Is it courageous to join or not to join? At 17, how could I imagine what war was? It sounded like an adventure. Then I imagined a British girl out there far away praying her war prayers.
Who does he listen to? They were quickly ordered to leave the bunker and escape through the subway tunnels before the underground was flooded to prevent Russian tanks from navigating the rail lines. Thousands clattered through the darkness. Russian soldiers appeared in the tunnel one night.
They took away wounded German soldiers and gathered women on a platform. Sussmilch and her family hid in a subway car. You wouldn't believe what they did with the bottles. It was a night you couldn't imagine. Sussmilch and her family crept past them and toward the light. Sussmilch's mother would later die in a mental hospital; her brother would disappear to start a new life.
Too often they signal a car bomber zeroing in on his target, or wary drivers fleeing from danger. Plus, it's really cool to drive fast. The year-old mechanic had lost control of his souped-up BMW and spun out, winging a couple of tire barriers. Rather than rush through the rest of the slalom, he turned a couple of skidding doughnuts before cruising to the finish line amid the jeers of spectators urging Matrout, "Get out and never race again!
Car rallies at a Baghdad park have drawn a hard-core following in Iraq, where the competitions are a symbol of newfound freedoms and a relief from the realities of war. Custom paint jobs, wraparound shades and gelled hair gleamed in the spring sun, and muscle shirts bulged. Mohammed Ibrahim, 28, a Jordanian-born mechanic, was dressed like a rock star: It wasn't until Saddam Hussein was ousted by the U. Years of United Nations sanctions and a near-monopoly on the imported-car market by cronies of Hussein's son Uday greatly limited the number of vehicles coming into Iraq.
Small groups of aficionados tinkered in semi-secret garages and indulged their racing addictions in abandoned industrial areas. Uday and his inner circle were themselves car fanatics, cruising around the upper-class Mansour district of Baghdad in their Porsches, Lamborghinis and Camaros. With no real border restrictions or customs, and no Hussein-family mafia controlling the market, cars and parts flooded into the country.
In early , the Iraqi Autosports Club was formed and the group began searching for a suitable track. Street racing is not an option in Baghdad, with its constant traffic jams and its roadblocks and barriers to slow down car bombers. The city's well-armed police, army and U.